Ford Escort: The History of the Model
In 1967 Escort model was added to the Ford company`s model range. There were two and four doors sedans introduced.
First generation Escort was provided with 1.1-liter (39 and 45 hp) and 1.3-liter (52 - 72 hp) gasoline powered engines. There were a lot of sporty modifications produced along with civil versions. These sporty models were provided with more powerful engines of up to 2.0-liter capacity. They were GT, Sport, Twin Cam, Mexico, 1300E, RS1600, and RS2000.
In 1975 the model was restyled and in 1976 the second generation was introduced. The engines provided were 1.1-liter and 1.3-liter ones that produced 45 - 70 hp.
Sporty version Ford Escort II RS was provided with 84-horsepower 1.6-liter power plant and with 2.0-liter one (101 and 110 hp).
54-horsepower 1.3-liter station wagon Turnier made its debut in 1975.
The third generation made its debut in 1980. Front-wheel drive and crosswise engine differed the automobile from its predecessors. Body type: three and five door hatchbacks and a station wagon; engines: 1.1-liter and 1.6-liter gasoline powered ones (50 - 97 hp) and a 54-horsepower 1.6-liter diesel motor.
In 1981 pickup Express was designed on the base of a station wagon.
In 1982 three door sporty Escort III XR3i was put on the market. It was provided with 105-horsepower 1.6-liter injector engine.
In 1983 there were sedan and cabriolet modifications introduced.
In 1984 Escort III RS Turbo modification provided with 132-horsepower 1.6-liter turbo-charged injector engine appeared.
In 1986 forth generation was put into production. The modifications produced were sedan Orion, station wagon Turnier, pickup Express, and cabriolet Cabrio.
Forth generation cars were provided with gasoline carburetor and injector engines of 1.1 and 1.6 liters capacity (they produced 50 - 102 hp) and with such diesel engines as 54-horsepower 1.6-liter one, 60-horsepower 1.7-liter motor, and 60-horsepower 1.8-liter engine.
Sporty versions XR3i and RS Turbo were provided with 1.6-liter engines that put out 105 hp and 132 hp respectively.
In 1990 fifth generation Ford Escort made its debut. The engine range was represented by 1.3-liter and 1.6-liter gasoline powered engines (60 - 105 hp) and by 1.8-liter diesel engine that produced 60 hp and 90 hp (turbo-charged version only).
In 1991 sporty modification 150-horsepower Escort RS2000 was introduced and in 1992 it was Escort XR3i provided with 16-valve 1.8-liter engine that produced depending on the version 105 - 130 hp.
In only two years after introduction of the fifth generation the company introduced Ford Escort VI. The technical part wasn`t almost restyled as the modernization was first of all aimed at the design.
The engines: 1.3 - 1.8-liter gasoline powered ones that produced 60 - 105 hp and 1.8-liter diesel engine that put out 60 hp (or 90 hp for a turbo-charged version).
All-wheel drive version known as Escort VI 4x4 was introduced.
In 1993 a three-door Ford Escort RS2000 was put on the market. It was provided with 105-horsepower 16-valve 2.0-liter engine. Escort cabriolet was produced the same year and it featured 1.4-liter injector engines (73 hp) as well as 1.6-liter 16-valve injector motors of 90 hp and 1.8-liter ones (105 hp and 130 hp). The latter ones were produced for sporty versions of Escort VI Cabrio XR3i.
The most powerful engine of the range was three-door all-wheel drive Escort VI RS Cosworth provided with 220-horsepower 2.0-liter engine.
In 1995 the seventh and the last Ford Escort generation was introduced. It boasted of improved design and extended standard equipment list.
Power plants available were 1.3 - 1.8-liter gasoline powered ones (60 - 115 hp) and a 1.8-liter diesel engine that produced 60, 70, or 90 hp.
In 1998 Escort model`s sales volume was started to be cut and in September of 2000 the last European Escort was put on the market.
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